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The History of the Pushbike

Explore the fascinating history of the pushbike, from the early draisine to modern e-bikes, and discover why BRU Coffee & Bar is a haven for cyclists in Pattaya

The pushbike, commonly referred to as the bicycle, is a staple of modern transportation and recreation. Its history is a fascinating journey of innovation and transformation that spans over two centuries. From its humble beginnings as a primitive, pedal-less contraption to the sophisticated machines we see today, the bicycle has evolved in response to changing societal needs, technological advancements, and cultural shifts.

Early Beginnings: The Draisine

The story of the bicycle begins in the early 19th century with the invention of the draisine, also known as the “running machine” or “hobby horse.” Invented by Karl Drais, a German baron, in 1817, the draisine was essentially a wooden frame with two wheels that the rider would propel by pushing their feet against the ground. This invention was inspired by the need for an alternative means of transportation during a period of poor harvests and widespread famine, which had led to a shortage of horses.

The Velocipede: Pedals and Progress

The next significant development in bicycle history came in the 1860s with the introduction of pedals. The French inventors Pierre Michaux and Pierre Lallement are credited with attaching pedals to the front wheel of the draisine, creating the first true bicycle, known as the “velocipede” or “boneshaker.” This name was apt, as the ride was notoriously uncomfortable due to the rigid wooden wheels and iron frame.

Despite its discomfort, the velocipede became immensely popular, leading to a surge in bicycle manufacturing and the establishment of the first cycling clubs. The 1860s and 1870s saw a proliferation of velocipede designs, each attempting to improve on the original concept.

The High-Wheeler: Penny Farthing

The 1870s and 1880s saw the advent of the high-wheeler, or penny-farthing. This design featured a large front wheel and a much smaller rear wheel. The larger front wheel allowed for greater speed and smoother travel over rough roads. However, the penny-farthing was difficult to mount and dismount, and its high centre of gravity made it prone to tipping over, leading to numerous accidents.

Despite these drawbacks, the penny-farthing became a symbol of the Victorian era and was widely used by enthusiasts and early competitive cyclists. Its design also laid the groundwork for future innovations in bicycle engineering.

The Safety Bicycle: A Revolution

The safety bicycle, introduced in the 1880s, marked a significant turning point in bicycle history. With its chain-driven rear wheel, equally sized wheels, and lower centre of gravity, the safety bicycle was much easier to ride and far safer than its predecessors. The Rover Safety Bicycle, designed by John Kemp Starley in 1885, is often considered the archetype of the modern bicycle.

The safety bicycle’s popularity soared, particularly among women, as it provided a new sense of freedom and mobility. It also played a crucial role in the women’s suffrage movement, as it symbolised independence and challenged traditional gender roles.

The 20th Century: Mass Production and Innovation

The 20th century saw the bicycle become a ubiquitous mode of transportation around the world. Advances in materials and manufacturing techniques made bicycles more affordable and accessible. Companies such as Schwinn in the United States and Raleigh in the United Kingdom became household names, producing millions of bicycles for both leisure and commuting.

The post-World War II era witnessed a decline in bicycle use in favour of automobiles, particularly in Western countries. However, the 1970s brought a renewed interest in cycling, driven by concerns over environmental sustainability, health, and fitness. The development of the mountain bike in the late 1970s and early 1980s, spearheaded by innovators like Gary Fisher and Tom Ritchey, opened up new possibilities for off-road cycling and adventure sports.

The 21st Century: Technology and Sustainability

In the 21st century, the bicycle continues to evolve, incorporating cutting-edge technology and materials. Lightweight carbon fibre frames, advanced gearing systems, and electric-assist motors have transformed the riding experience. E-bikes, in particular, have gained popularity as they provide an efficient and eco-friendly alternative to cars for urban commuting.

Cycling infrastructure has also improved, with many cities investing in dedicated bike lanes, bike-sharing programmes, and cyclist-friendly policies. The push for sustainability and the need to reduce carbon emissions have made bicycles an integral part of modern urban planning.

The Pushbike: The Best Form of Free Transport

Beyond its rich history and technological advancements, the pushbike stands out as the best form of free transport in the modern age. Unlike cars or public transportation, bicycles require no fuel, making them an eco-friendly alternative that runs on clean energy—human effort. This makes cycling a sustainable mode of transport that has no carbon footprint, contributing to cleaner air and a healthier environment.

Cycling is also one of the most effective forms of exercise, promoting cardiovascular health, muscle strength, and overall fitness. Regular cycling can reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and obesity. It also boosts mental health by reducing stress levels, enhancing mood, and improving cognitive function.

Moreover, bicycles are incredibly durable and can last for decades if properly maintained. A well-cared-for pushbike can provide years of reliable service with minimal costs for repairs and upkeep. This longevity makes bicycles a cost-effective option for individuals and families, reducing the financial burden associated with owning and maintaining motor vehicles.

BRU Coffee & Bar: A Cyclist’s Haven

For those who enjoy combining their love of cycling with a good cup of coffee and delicious cake, BRU Coffee & Bar in Pattaya is the perfect destination. BRU Coffee & Bar is renowned for being pushbike-friendly, welcoming individual and group cyclists alike. Many cyclists find it an ideal spot to take a break from their rides, enjoying the relaxing atmosphere and quality refreshments.

Cyclists visiting BRU can expect to find not only great coffee and cakes but also a warm and welcoming environment where they can connect with fellow enthusiasts. The café’s commitment to being cyclist-friendly makes it a popular stop for those exploring the beautiful surroundings of Pattaya by bike. Whether you’re a solo rider or part of a cycling group, BRU Coffee & Bar offers a perfect respite on your journey.

The Cultural Impact of Bicycles

The cultural impact of bicycles is profound. They have influenced fashion, with cycling attire becoming a distinct category of clothing. Bicycles have also inspired art, literature, and film, symbolising freedom, adventure, and the spirit of innovation. Cycling communities and clubs have fostered social connections and a sense of camaraderie among enthusiasts.

In many parts of the world, bicycles are a crucial tool for social and economic development. In developing countries, bicycles provide essential access to education, healthcare, and employment, particularly in rural areas where motorised transport is scarce or unaffordable. Organisations and initiatives that donate bicycles to those in need have significantly improved the quality of life for countless individuals and communities.

The Future of Bicycling

As we look to the future, the role of the bicycle in promoting sustainable transportation and healthy living remains as vital as ever. Innovations in technology, such as smart bikes with integrated GPS and health tracking, will continue to enhance the cycling experience. Efforts to improve cycling infrastructure and safety will encourage more people to choose bicycles over cars, reducing traffic congestion and pollution in urban areas.

The push for sustainable living and the growing awareness of environmental issues will likely increase the popularity of cycling worldwide. As cities and communities become more bike-friendly, the bicycle will continue to be a symbol of progress, resilience, and the enduring human spirit.


The history of the pushbike is a testament to human ingenuity and the quest for mobility. From the draisine to the modern e-bike, each iteration has brought improvements in comfort, safety, and efficiency. As we embrace the challenges of the 21st century, the bicycle remains a vital tool for sustainable living, promoting health, and fostering community. The pushbike, in all its forms, continues to be a symbol of freedom, innovation, and the enduring human spirit. Long live the pushbike!

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Pushbike History by BRU

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